Thanksgiving Turkey By The Numbers – What You Need To Know
Thanksgiving can be a stressful time.
There is a lot to prepare for, but a little planning can go a long way towards lessening the stress of Thanksgiving.
Take a look at a few Thanksgiving numbers, and maybe you’ll enjoy a less stressful holiday.
The internal temperature required to safely eat a turkey. FDA.gov says, “The turkey is safe when the temperature reaches 165ºF. If the turkey is stuffed, the temperature of the stuffing should be 165ºF.”
180 – 185
Temperature at which a pop-up timer in a turkey will rise. If you wait for the pop-up, your turkey is overdone.
1.0 – 1.5
The number of pounds of turkey to plan for per person eating. Freep.com says, “For turkeys less than 16 pounds, estimate 1 pound per serving (this accounts for bone weight). For larger birds, a bit less is fine; they have a higher meat-to-bone ratio. But if your goal is to have ample leftovers, aim for 1 1/2 pounds per person whatever the turkey’s size.”
3 – 4
The number of days turkey can be safely kept in the refrigerator for leftovers. Mayoclinic.com says: ”Leftovers can be kept for three to four days in the refrigerator. Be sure to eat them within that time. After that the the risk of food poisoning increases. If you don’t think you’ll be able to eat leftovers within four days, freeze them immediately.”
Average cost of Thanksgiving dinner for 10. Read more.
The most common temperature at which to cook a turkey in the oven. The FDA says turkey should not be cooked at an oven temperature below 325.
1 for 4
Allow at least one day of thawing time in the refrigerator for every four pounds of turkey, according to butterball.com. If thawing in cold water, estimate 30 minutes for every pound.
Below are two turkey cooking charts, from usda.gov, based on an oven temperature of 325.
|4 to 8 pounds (breast)||1½ to 3¼ hours|
|8 to 12 pounds||2¾ to 3 hours|
|12 to 14 pounds||3 to 3¾ hours|
|14 to 18 pounds||3¾ to 4¼ hours|
|18 to 20 pounds||4¼ to 4½ hours|
|20 to 24 pounds||4½ to 5 hours|
|4 to 6 pounds (breast)||Not usually applicable|
|6 to 8 pounds (breast)||2½ to 3½ hours|
|8 to 12 pounds||3 to 3½ hours|
|12 to 14 pounds||3½ to 4 hours|
|14 to 18 pounds||4 to 4¼ hours|
|18 to 20 pounds||4¼ to 4¾ hours|
|20 to 24 pounds||4¾ to 5¼ hours|